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Architectural features of Xitang Ancient town

2018-04-07 06:24:44

In the middle of the Qing Dynasty, Hui merchants moved east, bringing architectural culture to the valley, and buildings with firewalls soon became popular among the people. different


Yes, the local people transformed the flat wall of the original Hui architecture into a horse-head shape, known as the horse-head wall. In ancient times, the civil fire awareness is quite strong, especially in the cold winter, the air is dry, easy to fire. A horse's head can be whittled


Reduce the wind, even if the neighboring fire, you can avoid damaging your own house and property. The Ma Tou wall in Xitang has one, two, three, or even more layers, which increase or decrease the number of Ma Tou wall layers according to the needs of the depth of the room and the owner


Status, wealth has nothing to do with it.


As the saying goes, "Beauty depends on beauty, beauty does not depend on beauty is not beautiful." It is said that the earliest beauty rely is built by the king of Wu in order to please the beauty of Xishi, Xitang dialect "goose xiang rely" and "Wu Wang rely" is a homophone, some people called "Wu Wang rely", later this style is widely used in the area of architecture, beauty rely is also "everyone rely", everyone can rely on.


River Port River port is not only a place for people to park boats and trade goods, but also a place for people to collect water and wash goods. The housewives are here


One who uses laundry cleans rice. Even if every home has running water, there are still townspeople, especially the elderly, who like and are used to using river water. It used to be very convenient to buy things, as long as you heard the cries of cargo ships in the river, go


Go down to the river port, get on the boat and bargain, take your stuff back to the house after the deal. There are even less labor, some housewives tie a basket with a rope on the small building, put the money in it to hang down, and then hang the vegetables and fruits and oil and salt sauce and vinegar up after the transaction. this


The purchase method of staying indoors is only available to people in water villages.


The relationship between the port and the ships is inseparable, and if you pay a little attention, you can see that on the shore wall beside the port, there are holes laid with mooring cables,


Used to anchor boats. This is like a rope through the nose of a cow, so the eye stone is called the "nose of a boat". At first, the nose of the boat only pays attention to practical, and over time, it also begins to pay attention to beautiful, often carved into a good, vase, dark


Eight immortals and other patterns, full of traditional cultural interest.


Mooring stone Mooring stone shaped like stone, buried in the earth, shaped like piles, this is for the crossing boat mooring rope, a cable stone can be tied at the same time several cables, which is also one of the few public facilities in ancient town.


It is made of ordinary tiles, generally located on the upper part of the courtyard or yard wall, for ventilation, both beautiful and practical.


High level along the Ming and Qing dynasties of the big family, special people pay attention to wealth is not exposed, there is a "small crab hole can feel a big crab to" metaphor


Architectural features. But if you pay a little attention, people can often observe the characteristics of the owner's identity or value at the gate. In the Ming Dynasty, the building stone generally used bluestone, but to the Qing Dynasty, because of the "bluestone" of the "green" and "Qing"


"Qing" homophone, change to rubble. Some people in Xitang Town in front of the steps along more than a foot high, is because the Ming Dynasty door with bluestone paved to the Qing Dynasty and then with the whole rubble stone covered up to form.


The town of Xitang can hardly be found on the roof of the publicity of the cornices, everywhere showing civilian cultural elements. Most houses have the simplest roofs


Single, herringbone hard hilltop. In the Qing Dynasty, newly built houses had to pay taxes, and the standard of tax payment was orthobeams, and several orthobeams paid several taxes. If you want to expand the area and do not pay taxes, only to find a way, Xitang people are very smart, building with hard


At the top of the mountain, only one girder is needed, and then the east and west wing rooms are generally single roofing into the water, without a girder. Some elegant homes build the side walls very high, even above the roof and roof. Make a nice arc around the top of the raised wall


Shape, like the hood of the Guanyin image, very charming, known as "Guanyin pocket".