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Mexico City Travel Guide: National Museum of Anthropology (4)

2018-04-07 17:36:09

After seeing the Central Plateau civilization, we came to the Oaxaca civilization region.


The Aztecs' political structure was similar to that of an empire, with leaders as emperors, which comes from the Nahua verb meaning "to speak." The head of state needed to make a speech, so in ancient texts, thin lines were often drawn around the mouth of the emperor to indicate that he was speaking. There were 11 emperors in the history of the Aztec Empire.


Here are some of the artifacts. The Tonatiuh relief, in which the sun God is depicted as the figure of a young man carrying a pattern of the sun on his back. The cone-shaped pattern projected from the sun symbolizes death, so the relief actually represents the sun setting in the west.


From the Aztec exhibition hall, there are many stone rings placed at the door. After that, we come to the Oaxaca Civilization. Here, agriculture began in 7000 BC, and settled villages began to form in 1500 BC. Among the various ethnic groups, two groups were culturally dominant: the Zapotecs and the Aztecs. The Zoptecs occupied the Central Valley and the Twatbek Isthmus from 1500 BC to 1521 AD, and built the most important city in Oaxaca: Monte Alban.


This article is based on experience


The construction of Monte Alvin in 500 BC left many surrounding cities abandoned. Successive wars over power forced people to build cities on hills. In the late reign of Monte Alvin I - between 300 and 100 BC - a 3,000-kilometer-long wall was built.


The first work of construction was to smooth the grand square. The former name of Monte Alvin is unknown, possibly "Jaguar Hill", and the entire city consists of rituals with palaces, temples, water storage systems, canals and markets. Monte Alvin grew rapidly and continued to conquer and unify the Central Valley. For more than a thousand years it was the Zapotec culture, and from the day of its birth it was constantly rewarded with tributes through military occupation.